Many people have contributed to research and documentation for my
JUCH family.Words can never express my
sincere appreciation to a few people without who’s
help I never would have been able to cross the Atlantic and found my roots.To name a few that were especially valuable
is difficult because I will leave out others that have also helped but I must give
a special thanks to Janna Visser-Juch & husband Huib
Visser, Gerhardt & the late Freddy Richter,Ilse & Ernst Juch, and Wilfried Hartmann,
a recently found Juch cousin.
map shows the proximity of the villages where my ancestors were born, lived and
Refer to the map above
7th through 5th Great Grandfathers were born in Kirchohmfeld.My 4th
& 3rd Great Grandfathers were born in Tastungen.
Both are located near-by Wintzingerode,) which is the birthplace of my 2ndJUCH
sub-division of the State of Thuringen,
(Germany consists of sixteen states).
are many villages where JUCHs lived.Village church records were reviewed by
the kindness of Fredy & Gerhardt Richter, and JUCHs were recorded in Kirchohmfeld,
Kaltohmfeld, Tastungen, Wehnde, Worbis and
Wintzingerode.In the early history
of the area all these villages were under the protection & jurisdiction of
the Burg Bodenstein.
As reported by
Fredy & Gerhardt Richter the angel that keeps thefont during the baptism action gets
lowered from the church blanket calm.
In old times
it was a donation of the Count of Wintzingerode.
(see map below middle toward bottom, also hi-lighted in yellow & circled in
birthplace of my Great Grandfather, Johann Michael Juch, the immigrant to America.
Great Grandfather was:
Johann Juch & Unknown
Johann Juch was born about July 1591 and died 19 May 1676 in Kirchohmfeld.Johann was a Lutheran Pastor in Kirchohmfeld.His
wife’s name is not yet known.They did
have five children: Fredrich George, born about 1620;
Johann Esajas, born
about October 1636; Johann Arndt, born about 1638; Georg
Christian, born about 1649 & Johann Christian, born about 1651.All children were born in Kirchohmfeld.
Following is a letter by
which Johann Juch
In the year 1634 accepts the
vocation to a position as Pastor at Kirchohmfeld
Courtesy of Dr. Professor
A descendant of Johann Juch
The home (rectory) of Johann
Juch, Lutheran Pastor, born about 1591 in Kirchohmfeld,
in Kirchohmfeld, adjacent to the rectory (far right),
where Johann Juch was Pastor
My 6th Great
Johann Esajas Juch & AmaliaHaussknecht
Johann Esajas Juch married AmaliaHaussknecht about 1661 in
likely Kirchohmfeld, Germany.Amalia was the
daughter of ChristolphHaussknecht
and Gertrud Unknown.They had three
children: Johann Jesaias, born 1662; Anna Magdalena,
born 1664 and Johann Conrad, born 1 December 1667.All children were born in Kirchohmfeld.
My 5th Great
Johann Conrad Juch & Anna Elisabeth Reuse
This Johann married Anna Elisabeth Reuse on 23 August 1693 in Kirchohmfeld.Anna was the daughter of Johann Phillipp Reuse whose wife is not known.Johann Conrad died 8 July 1748 in Tastungen.Johann & Anna had eight children: Carl Ludewig, born about 1694; Johannes Andreas, born 11 January
1695/96; Johannes Antonius, born 19 Feb 1697/98;
Johannes Jacobus, born 21 July 1700; *Ernst Christian, born 29 May 1702; Anna Elisabeth,
born 30 October 1704; Johann Joachimus, born 9 June
1708; and *Johann Heinrich, born 11 October
1711.All children were born in Tastungen.
Christian and brother Johann Heinrich had children
(first cousins) that married (below).For uniformity I will show the male lineage.
Johann Heinrich married
Anna MargarethaLehe on 4
February 1743/44 in Tastungen.Anna
was the daughter of Johann ChristophLehe.Johann
Heinrich died 1 August 1775 in Tastungen.They had six children: Johann Christian
Gabriel, born 17 October 1746; Johann Herwig,
born 27 August 1749; Johann Heinrich, born 8 June
Johann Carol, born 22 November 1755; Andreas Wilhelm, born 8 November 1758; and Anton Friedrich, born 4 May
1761.All children were born in Tastungen.
My 3rd Great Grandparents were:
Andreas Wilhelm Juch (son of Johann Heinrich) & CatherinaMargaretha Juch
(daughter of Ernst Christian)
Andreas Wilhelm JUCH married his first
Juch on 7 November 1780
in Tastungen.Catherina was born 22 August 1753 and the daughter of Ernst Christian Juch and Maria Petze.Seven children were born to this union: Andreas Phillipp,
born 31 July 1781; Dorothea Christiana, born 20 April 1784, Heinrich Christian,
born 13 December 1786; Heinrich Gottfried, born 11 June 1788;
Johann Christoph, born 7 January 1791; Johann
Friedrich Christia, born 21 February 1794; and FriederikeRosina, born 22 April
1797.Both Johann children were born
in Wehnde.All other children were born in Wintzingerode.
Eichsfeld, Thuringen, Germany
(note burg bodenstein at top of
ridge center of picture)
2nd Great Grandparents were:
Heinrich Gottfried Juch & Anna MargarethaDittmar
Gottfried JUCH married Anna on 4 March 1829 in Untersuhl, Germany after the childbirth death in 1828 of his first wife Christiane
Charlotte HenrietteDobling.Anna was the daughter of Johann ValentinDittmar and Anna
Elisabeth Wasch.Heinrich Gottfried died1 March 1852 in Untersuhl.His marriage to ChristianeDobling on 12 April 1814 produced six children: AmalieFriederike, born 8
September 1814; Wilhelm Hermann, born 1817; Wilhelm Christiane,
born 1820; Catharina Maria, born 1826; Christiane Charlotte Henriette,
born 1828 (twin); and Anna Elisabeth, born 1828 (twin).All children were born in Gerstungen
Heinrich and Anna were: Johannes, born 1830; Johann Heinrich Gottfried, born
1832; Carl Amateus, born 1834; Amalia
Magdalena, born 1835; Johann Michael, born 23
February 1840; and Caspar Gottfried Wilhelm, born
was born in Untersuhl and all other children were born in Gerstungen.
from above is as follows:
"At the court servant Friedrich Wilhelm
Juch was born a little son. He was baptised on the
name Heinrich Gottfried.
Godfathers (sic) are:
executor of the town WorbisLeonhard
Joseph Gretzel, inhabitant of Worbis
2. Andreas Müller, the youngest
son of Johann Heinrich Müller, inhabitant of Wehnde
3. The virgin JosefineMargaretheZellmann ............."
The Wintzingerode church record book
lists his father as Wilhelm JUCH, but a mother's name is not listed
(but now known-see above).Heinrich Gottfried
JUCH moved to the town of Gerstungen in 1814.Gerstungen is about 50 km south of Wintzingerode.My Great Grandfather Johann Michael JUCH was born in
Gerstungen 23 Feb 1840.About 1842 the
family moved a short distance down the road to the village of Untersuhl where a
brother (Caspar Gottfried Wilhelm Juch) was born.A descendant, (Birgit Juch), of Caspar Gottfried
Wilhelm Juch now lives in the same village where her Great Grandfather was
born.In 1857-1859 my Great
Michael JUCHimigrated to St.Louis, Missouri, USA, (see below
Gottfried JUCH moved to Gerstungen from Wintzingerode when he was first
married to his first wife, Christianne Charlotte
about the year 1814.He became a forrester and worked in the large Forest building
2nd great grandfather Heinrich Gottfried JUCHalso is said (by the
village historian Fredy Richter) to have constructed
the hunting lodge (in picture below) in the forest adjacent to the village of Gerstungen.
JOHANN & MAGDALENE
My great grandfatherJohann Michael
Juch was born 23 Feb 1840 according to
the LutheranChurch records in
his birthplace of Gerstungen, Germany.
This is an area in central Germany he describes
on his marriage document as "Untermsuhl, Grossherz, Weimar, Germany.He later moved a mile southwest to the village of Untersuhl (originally
was born in the home of his parents, Heinrich
Gottfried Juch and second wife Anna MargarethaDittmar. Heinrich Gottfried Juch was born 26 Dec 1787 in the village of Wintzingerode, Germany and moved to
Gerstungen in 1814 when his first wife Christiane Charlotte HenrietteDobling was
carrying their first child.Christiane died
in 1828 possibly at the birth of Anna
Elizabeth, her sixth child.Heinrich married for the second time in
1829 to Anna MargarethaDittmar and they also had six children.My great grandfather was the fifth child
born to this union.Heinrich was a Forrester.(Information
on my Dittmar Family is at <http://www.juch.net/dittmar.htm>).
provided by Fredy & Gerhardt Richter
OF JOHANN MICHAEL JUCH
A SINGLE FAMILY HOUSE)
provided by Fredy & Gerhardt Richter
LUTHERAN CHURCH BAPTISTRY
MY GREAT GRANDFATHER WAS BAPTISED
Villages of Gerstungen (top) & Untersuhl
UNTERSUHL, GERMANY, EVE. LUTHERANCHURCH
OF ONLY TWO ROUND CHURCHES IN GERMANY
Michael JUCH was confirmed in about 1854
provided by Fredy & Gerhardt Richter.
UNTERSUHL, GERMANY, EVE. LUTHERANCHURCH
MY GREAT GRANDFATHER WAS CONFIRMED (about 1854)
PRIOR TO HIS LEAVING FOR AMERICA
House in Untersuhl is the house where my Great Grandfather lived
prior to leaving
for America. It is only a few blocks from the "Round" Church!
Concerning the migration to America from Untersuhl, Germany of my
great grandfather Johann Michael JUCH,
Mrs. Fredy Richter, to whom I will always be
indebted, has informed me that during the time after my great grandfather was
confirmed (see above) he was considered a man and had to go forth and learn a
trade. This was during the Industrial Revolution and in the village of Untersuhl lived
in these days some 600 inhabitants and 60 of them were weavers. Due to the
industrialization a lot of people got unemployed and therefore they went to North
America, Canada and Holland. The
most likely method of transportation to America was
via the popular ship companies of the day. A sample of their advertisements is
The Victoria used
two ships; the "Siddens" with Capt. Cobb
and the "Patrick Henry" with Capt. Delano. Mrs. Richter said that
many people of Untersuhl & Gerstungen sailed to the states on these two
my great grandfather did also?
Michael Juch is first listed in the St.Louis, Missouri, USA, City Directory in the year 1859, when he
would have been 19 years old. He migrated to St.Louis as a young teen-age man
from his native Germany.Immigration records and ship passenger lists
have not yet been found to confirm exactly when he came to America.He is listed as aFinisher living on Biddle
Street between 12th & 13th Streets in the
1859 City Directory.In 1867 Johann is listed as an Engineer - soap factory, living at the rear of 1027 North 13th
Street.In 1873 and until his death on 14
Sep 1882, Johann Michael
is listed as a Grocer living at 3700 North of 10th Street (Ward
8).The exception being thaton page 504, in the 1880 census for the 8th
ward, St. Louis, conducted 13 Jun 1880 by Paul Wyeth,
Johann Michael & family is
living at 925 Salisbury Street.He states he and his parents were born in Germany, his wife "Lena"(Magdalene
born in Missouri, and her
parents born in Germany.Also living with Johann are sons Hermann, Emmile, Otto, & Albert with one daughter Maggie.Johann
died at age 42 on 14 Sep 1882 of Typhoid
Fever.His death was less than one
month prior to the birth of my grandfather Walter Michael Juch on 12 Oct 1882!Johann Michael is buried in
lot #458 at Immanuel Lutheran Church, Marcus & Lexington, St.Louis,
Missouri (see below), along with his sons Albert,
Hermann, Otto & Emil, and wife Magdalene
C. (Christine).This lot #458 (6
graves) was purchased 12 Oct 1880 by H. Ermenhardt (brother-in-law of my great grandmother
Christina Magdalene Langbein), for $30.Lot #459 was bought by Johann Michael Juch19 Nov 1867 for $25.My second great grandfather Andreas Langbein (1809-1870) father of Magdalene Langbein Juch is buried in
My grandfather’s Foster Parents
S. Langbein Schuetz (1832-1906) and Heinrich
(Henry) W. Schuetz (1830-1908),Walter’s foster parents are buried in Lot
#476 adjacent to Johan Michael Juch & wife Magdalene C. Langbein Juch in
Lot #459 at Immanuel Lutheran Church Cemetery, St.Louis, MO.For more about the Schuetz
Three of the sons mentioned above (Emil, Hermann & Otto) apparently
died in a plague in 1889.Another son,
Fred William Reed died 29 Sep 1877 of diphtheria less than 3 years
old.A fifth son, Albert died at
approximately 22 years of age, cause of death is unknown.My grandfather Walter Michael was
the only surviving male member ofthe family.Walter Michael's sister Magdalene (Aunt Lane) was born 10 Apr 1877 and died on 31
Dec 1943 without ever being married.
Johann Michael Juch served as a
Private for 22 days in Capt. Schenk’s Company B, 11th Regiment of
the Enrolled Missouri Militia, or E.M.M.He “enrolled” on September 5, 1862 and was ordered into service April 24, 1863.Johann was relieved from duty May 15, 1863 by order of General
Edwards.My great grandfather Johann
was married at this time.The E.M.M.
was a unit in Missouri under the
Federal Government (i.e. not Confederate).
is the Last Will & Testament of my Great Grandfather
Resting Place for
JOHANN MICHAEL JUCH
THE IMMIGRANT TO AMERICA
by Roy Frederick Juch, Jr.
great grandfather Johann Michael Juch was born 23
February 1840 in the family home in Gerstungen, Germany.He was the fifth child of Heinrich
Gottfried Juch and second wife Anna MargaretheDittmar.Anna was
twenty-two years younger than Heinrich and not previously married.Heinrich’s first wife Christiane
died in 1828 one year prior to Heinrich’s second marriage.The cause of Henriette’s
death is not known, however, in 1828 she gave birth to
twin girls, Christiane and Anna who died one year
later in 1829.So one might assume that
Henriette may have died in child birth in 1828?Johann was christened in the LutheranChurch in Gerstungen, according to
1840 and 1843 the family moved a short distance west to the villageofUntersuhl where Caspar,
the last child of Heinrich & Anna, was born in 1843.Johann had six half siblings from his
father’s first marriage and five siblings from his father’s second
marriage.Heinrich Gottfried Juch was a
forester working in the nearby forests as a civil servant.
grew up in the village of Untersuhl where he attended
kindergarten and primary schools that were and still are located adjacent to the famous round LutheranChurch.The house where Johann was born in
Gerstungen, and also the house where he grew up, both school buildings, and
church in Untersuhl, all remain standing and in use (as of 2008).In fact when the family moved into their
house in Untersuhl the house was already 400 years old!
would have been confirmed a member of the Lutheran Church in the round Lutheran
Church in Untersuhl when he was fourteen years old in 1854, as was the custom of
the day.Apparently after working for a
few years in the area Johann was convinced his future was in America!
NOTE: It’s not known exactly when
Johann decided to migrate or when he actually departed Untersuhl on the long
& difficult journey to America.Mrs.
Freddy Richter, to whom I will eternally be indebted, informed me that during
the time after my great grandfather was confirmed he was considered a man and
had to go forth and learn a trade.This
was during the Industrial Revolution and in the village of Untersuhl lived in those days some 600 inhabitants and 60 of them were weavers. Due to the industrialization a lot of people
got unemployed and therefore they went to North America, Canada and Holland. The most likely method of transportation to America was via the popular ship companies of the day.Johann may have used the services of Hermann Hirschmann
& Co.This company provided an
“end-to-end” service including a train to Hamburg and ship to America.Another
company “Victoria” provided ship transportation to America.The Victoria used two ships; the "Siddens"
with Capt. Cobb and the "Patrick Henry" with Capt. Delano. Mrs.
Richter said that many people of Untersuhl & Gerstungen sailed to the
states on these two ships.I have not
been able to find passenger lists records showing Johann.It is possible he may have also found work
as a “cabin boy” and therefore not show up on any passenger lists?
first appeared in the St.Louis, Missouri, USA
City Directory in the year 1859.So I
have assumed he likely departed Untersuhl in 1857-1858 when he was 17-18 years
old.Freddy Richter, the Gerstungen local historian
believes he would have traveled first to Hamburg via railroad.From Hamburg he had many avenues of
ocean going vessels on which to travel.Some migrants traveled first to England then proceeded on another
ship to America.Some boarded ships heading directly to America.Records have not yet revealed his arrival
date in Americanor
the name of the ship in which he was a passenger.It is not known if he was a passenger or
maybe a member of a ship’s crew working his way to America?It is not known in which port in America Johann
landed?There were many ports used
during those times.New York, Baltimore, even New Orleans may have been possible on
his final destination to St.Louis.It
is also not know why Johann selected St.Louis as his final destination, other
than St.Louis had a large German community which would have made assimilation
much easier for him.
the 1859 St.Louis, Missouri, City
Directory Johann Juch listed occupation is a “Finisher” living on Biddle Street, between 12th
& 13th streets.Johann marriedChristina Magdalena Langbein on 03 Nov 1861 at the ImmanuelLutheranChurch in St.Louis, Missouri.Christina, born in St.Louis, was the
daughter of Andreas Langbein (1809-1870), also an immigrant from Saxony, Germany.Andreas immigrated to Americabetween
NOTE:Knowingly or not, the one thing, and only
thing that Johann did to connect his lineage back to Germany was to list his last
residence in Germany, on his “official” church marriage certificate in
St.Louis, MO.Johann listed “Untermsuhl, Grossherz, Weimar” (see notes below), as his
home on the marriage certificate.This
certificate was given to me by my father’s sister, my Aunt Emma Juch Sinz.As I searched
for the Juch birthplace in Germany I found that the old way of
spelling Untersuhl was Untermsuhl.From there I was greatly assisted by Huibert
Visser, husband of Janny Juch Visser.Janny is a cousin of Flip Juch who made initial contact with my son and
then me many years ago.Huibert
contacted the late Freddy Richter, the Untersuhl/Gerstungen area
historian.Freddy and her husband
Gerhardt searched the GerstungenLutheranChurch records and confirmed the
birth of Johann Michael Juch on 23 February 1840, in Gerstungen.Further, Freddy continued to search church
records for the entire Juch lineage locally and found records tracing it back many
generations to the village of Wintzingerode, Germany.Freddy & Gerhardt even traveled to
Wintzingerode to continue research and found other generations of my Juch
family.Freddy also informed me that a
cousin of mine was still living in Untersuhl!My third cousin from Untersuhl, Brigit Juch Baldofski
has been very helpful in sharing additional family data, provided warm
hospitality and personal guided tours of the area.Birgit is a great grand daughter of Casper
Juch, a brother to Johann Michael Juch, the subject of this paper.In Wintzingerode,
and with the help of Huilbert & Janny Visser we
met Ernst & Ilse Juch.Ilse, as the local
Evangelical (Lutheran) Church President was also the caretaker of the church
records which she shared and thus were valuable as a
source for further Juch research.Since then, a forth cousin, Dr. Wilfried
Hartmann, professor at the University of Hamburg, provided records for the Juch family even
further back in history to my seventh great grandfather, the Evangelical minister,
Johann Juch, born in Oldenburg or Ollendorf, (?) Germany in 1591.I must mention all these people because
without them my Juch research would have ended.To all these people I owe a great deal of
gratitude and will forever be indebted.Most of all I thank my great grandfather, Johann Michael, that left us a
clue.A clue that was
the key to unlock the door to our Juch lineage.The research continues, perhaps not by me but for others that
follow me and are interested in their heritage and from where they came.
Grossherz, Weimar, as Johann provided for his
marriage certificate was the political arrangement at the time he departed for America.Weimar was a Duchy within a
loosely configured confederation of 39 states of a larger geographical
area of peoples that were ethnically German.Grossherz was a smaller political partition
within the Duchy of Weimar under the control of a Duke.Untersuhl was a small village within and under
control of the “Duke”.
BACKGROUND NOTE:The German Confederation was the
association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815
to serve as the successor to the Holy Roman Empire of German Nations, which had
been abolished in 1806. In 1848,
revolutions by Liberals and nationalists occurred in an attempt to establish a
unified German state.Talks between the German states failed in 1848.The confederation briefly dissolved but was
re-established in 1850. Rivalry between the two dominant states, Austria and
Prussia, over which state had the inherent right to rule German lands led to
the Austro-Prussian War in 1866 and the collapse of the confederation.This resulted in the creation of the North
German Confederation and a number of south German states, from 1866 to 1871,
having no higher legal authority or political body above them for the first
time since the creation of the Holy Roman Empire, though these states aligned
with Austria until its defeat in 1867 and then followed Prussia.
On 5 September 1862 Johann is enrolled in Capt. Schenk’s Enrolled
Missouri Militia (EMM), as a Private, Company B.Johann was ordered to active duty on 24 April 1863 at St.Louis by General Edwards and later
released from duty on 15 May 1863 by General Edwards, serving 22 days in
NOTE: (In July 1862, the provisional Unionist
government of Missouri
began enrolling a militia that came to number its regiments to a staggering
eighty-nine. Organized largely by locality, these units did not represent the
standard thousand-man size of a volunteer regiment, but clearly placed tens of
thousands of men under arms for the Union
and clearly represented the largest single military force in the entire
Trans-Mississippi war. Such a scale alone argues a major contribution to the
course of the conflict.)
children were born to Johann & Christina but only my grandfather & his
sister (Aunt Lane) survived the various
plagues of the day (i.e. diphtheria, TB, typhoid & pneumonia).These
oHermann was born about
November 1864.He never married and occupation
was a watchmaker.Hermann died on 28 October 1889 of Consumption/TB at age 25 while living in the
home at 1944 Palm, St.Louis, MO.
oEmil was born 23 June 1866.He never married and occupation
was a Porter.Emil died on 29 June 1889 of Consumption/TB at age 23 while living in the home at 1944 Palm,
oOtto was born about 30
October 1868.He never married and occupation
was a painter.Otto died on 3 September 1889 at age 21 of unknown reason but I suspect it was
also of Consumption/TB, the plague of the day.When Otto died he was living at 1944 Palm, St.Louis, MO.
oFrederick was born about 25 January
1875.He died as a child on 29 September 1877 at age 2 of Diphtheria.
oMagdalene was born 10 April 1877.She never married and survived
to die at age 66.
oAlbert was born about 3
October 1880.He never married and occupation
was a cigar maker.Albert died on 17
March 1902 of Consumption/TB at age 22 while living in the home of his uncle
Henry Schutz at 1501 Palm, St.Louis, MO.
oWalter was born 12 October 1882.He married
a second time after the death of his first wife of Consumption/TB.He was a telephone maintenance man.Walter died at age 49 on 15 August 1932 of Liver disease.
the death of Johann on 14 September 1882 of typhoid, the six surviving
children continued to live with their mother Christina until the devastating
consumption/TB plague of 1889/1890 in St.Louis.After the plague took it’s
toll on three of the children (1889), and the mother Christina (1890),
Magdalene, Albert, & Walter were orphaned.Christina died on 22 February 1890 of consumption/TB, eight
years after Johann, leaving the three orphans to then live with Christina’s
sister Maria Langbein Schuetz and husband HenrichSchuetz.The three children remained foster.
the 1867 St.Louis City Directory Johann is listed as an Engineer-Soap Factory
and living at the rear of 1027 North 13th
(age 33) and until his death on 14 September 1882, Johann is listed as a
Grocer, living at 3700 North 10th Street (Ward 8) with the exception
that in the 1880 census Johann and family are listed as living at 925 Salisbury
On 4 September 1882, ten days prior to his death,Johann wrote his Last Will &
Testament leaving five dollars to each of his children and his unborn child (my
grandfather) with the remainder going to his wife.His wife also to serve as
executrix of Johann’s estate.
died on 14 September 1882 of typhoid fever.He died less than one month before the birth
of my grandfather Walter Michael Juch on 12 October
1882.Johann is buried without a grave marker in
lot #458 at Immanuel Lutheran Church Cemetery, Marcus & Lexington,
My father Roy Frederick Juch, Sr.
was born February 18, 1915 in St.Louis, Missouri. He attended Public Schools in
St.Louis, Missouri and at the age of 17 married my mother Catherine Margaret Zeisler
(Kitty) (age 16) on July 3, 1932. My parents had two children: June Marie Juch, b. June 24, 1933 and
me, Roy Frederick Juch. Jr., b.
October 16, 1939. My sister & I were both born in St.Louis, Missouri. More about our family later!