ANDREW JACKSON GADBERRY/GADBURY

A STUDY OF TWELVE DIFFERENT

ANDREW JACKSON GADBERRY'S

By RUSSELL GADBERRY

The Legacy

of

>OLD HICKORY=

 

 

He was born of Scotch-Irish immigrants along the North and South Carolina borders. He was the youngest of three sons born to Andrew and Elizabeth Jackson. His father died just a few days before his birth.

 

Andrew Jackson grew up a mischievous and scrappy child. A school mate once said of him, AI could throw him three times out of four; but he would never stay throwed He was dead game, even then, and never would give up.@ It was this bullish tenacity which would serve him well in later life.

Andrew Jackson=s early schooling came from a log shanty where he learned to read and write and some mathematics. Like most boys his age, schooling occupied less than first place in his interests. He had little use for books, but was well educated in the requirements of frontier living.

Andrew=s dislike of the British came honestly and young. When he was thirteen his oldest brother Hugh had been killed as a light-horse volunteer. Then in 1780 the British brutally defeated the Waxhaw militia. Andrew, his mother and brother Robert had worked caring for the American wounded during that battle. Shortly thereafter, Andrew at the age of 14, and his brother Robert joined the Revolution against the British in the Battle of Hanging Rock. S.C.

In the spring of 1781 Andrew and Robert were captured by the British who tried and failed to break their spirit. A British officer ordered them to clean his boots and they both refused. Determined to kill or break them the officer swung his sword and left both boys with scars that would remain for the rest of their lives.

What the British officer could not do, smallpox almost did. Stricken by the deadly disease it was only the tireless efforts of their mother who secured their release with a prisoner exchange that either of the boys survived. Once out of prison and with their mothers nursing, Andrew survived, Robert did not. And tragically a few months later while serving as a ship board nurse, Elizabeth, their mother, also died.

Left alone at the tender age of sixteen Andrew moved to Charleston where he became a Charleston dandy, moving in the best of social circles. After a period of time, disillusioned with the social life, he returned to North Carolina where his Uncle took him in.

Andrew=s uncle was a wealthy slave owner whowas among the power brokers and influential of the day, and was able to provide Andrew an education in law. Andrew could not help but be influenced by the wealth and power which surrounded him. At the age of twenty he became a lawyer and a three years later, prosecuting attorney in Nashville, Tennessee.

Jackson was instrumental in helping write the Tennessee Constitution and was elected as its first congressman. He would serve in this position for two years before returning to Tennessee as the Tennessee Supreme Court Justice at the age of 31.

The beginning of Andrew=s national acclaim came in the War of 1812. The British had stirred up the Creek Indians in Georgia and Alabama. Andrew as a militia General defeated the Creeks at the battle of Horseshoe bend in 1814 and forced them to give up twenty million acres of their ancestral ground, opening the area to white settlers. Andrew=s tenacity was responsible for his victory. Ill-provisioned, hungry and sick, his shoulder injured from a recent duel injury, he had kept his men going in spite of mutinies and rebellion. He had one of his men shot for refusing an order. This win for Andrew allowed the American army to focus its men on the battles in the north, where the British would eventually be defeated. Andrew received his commission as a Major General in the US Army after this battle, and was brought into the limelight as a war hero. Doors began to open to his future political career.

This battle was to be followed by an even bigger victory. Assigned to protect New Orleans against British invasion with only a rag tag army of farmers and militia, with cotton bales for bulwarks. Aligned against a professional, mature army, with cotton bales burning, Andrew defeated the British in >The Battle of New Orleans=. This battle has been immortalized in song, which many, even today, some one-hundred-eighty years later, can sing. Andrew lost 71 men in this battle, the British, two-thousand, two-hundred, thirty-seven.

Riding on the euphoria of a victorious and free nation, as a war hero, Andrew was elected president in 1828, but at a terrible price. Andrew as a young man, when he married, made a terrible mistake.

In 1791 Andrew married Rachel Robard, a divorcee, from Virginia. Unfortunately he did not look into the legality of the divorce, which had not yet been granted. While the problem was soon corrected, this became a political sword against Andrew and Rachel. They were slandered as bigamists, he, with >running off with another man=s wife.

Unable to cope with the accusations, under great stress, Rachel died of a heart attack, one month after the election. Andrew was sworn in March 29, 1829 an angry warrior.

Andrew=s backers during the election promoted him as a man of the west (Tennessee, Kentucky). After taking the reins of government Andrew began replacing established bureaucrats with friends and westerners who had supported him. Now, regarding himself as >spokesman for the west= he attacked the eastern banks eventually destroying the Bank of the United States, by withdrawing government funds from it, and refusing to sign the bill that would reissue its= charter, calling it a blow against monopolistic, aristocratic bureaucracy.

Andrew Jackson was a man of many contradictions. What was it that made this man so popular among the common men? He ran as a >common man=s= president, although he was raised among the wealthy. He campaigned against the eastern banks, but as a prosecutor he was unsympathetic to farmers who could not meet their mortgage payments. He was not a pious man, he gambled, swore, and owned fighting cocks, but built his wife a chapel. He was not a patient man, he would fight or duel at the drop of a hat, but loved children. He demanded adherence to the law, but didn=t require it of himself.

Could it be that tenacity he showed as a child? Was it the ability to see something through in spite of the odds, the ability to survive, when no one should. The courage to fight, when the battle looks hopeless. Whatever it was, however defined, the effect he had on parts of the Gadberry family reverberates today. A legacy even he could not have imagined.

The greatest honor one man can bestow on another is give his child that man=s name. This honor would be conferred on Andrew Jackson at least eight and possibly nine times by the Gadberry family.

We are unable at the present time to precisely number the Andrew Jackson Gadberrys in the family because the first Andrew may also be the second or the third.

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #1

Our first Andrew was discovered by Kathy Gadberry of LaGrange, Ky. while researching Ky. Vital Records. This Andrew died at the age of 73 years old, on the ninth of October, 1875. He was born in Virginia about 1802 to John and Mary Gadberry.

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #2

Our second Andrew was listed in the 1860 Casey Co. Ky. census. According to census records he listed his age as 55. This would place his birth around the year 1805. He also said he was born in Virginia. His wife Sarah was fifty-four years old according to the census and they had five children:

Polley J, 28 years old

Geo. W., 25 years old

Martha E. 15 years old

James M. 10 years old

Martha S., 4 years old

The fact that both these first two Andrews were born in Virginia about the same time combined with the fact that we have no family information about our first Andrew, leaves the possibility open that they were one and the same.

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #3

Andrew number three was located in the records of >Early Marriages of Kentucky=. He married Susannah Eller on December 1, 1826 in Wayne Co. Ky. I believe that it can be safely said that this was his first marriage and he was probably born between the 1800 and 1808 . Andrew Jackson=s popularity began around the year 1800 about the time we would expect namesakes to begin. To have been born after the year 1808 would make him very young for marriage

in 1826.

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #4

Andrew number four was born in Tennessee between the years of 1812 and 1820. It seems Andrew had an aversion to aging, so he didn=t age as fast as everyone else. While Andrew may not have aged, he certainly had no aversion to children. Over his lifetime he would father 15 children by three wives; Nancy Ann Norsley, Violet Paulina Phillips and Margaret (Hettie) Keen. His last child would be born when Andrew was in his late sixties or early seventies. Andrew=s story would be recorded in the book >Gadberry-Gadbury Journeys=, written by Ruth Gadbury of Lometa, Tx. Andrew=s last male son would be his namesake so we will list him next. Many, including some of his descendants believe that this Andrew was the son of Green and Joanna Gadberry. While there is no documented evidence to date to support this, circumstantial evidence certainly leaves it as a possiblity.

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #5

Andrew number five was born to Andrew four and Margaret (Hettie) Keen on Dec 30, 1882 in Llano Co. Tx. He married Lelia Lewis (Madison) Russler on Aug 13, 1903 in Lampasas Co. Tx. He and Lelia would have one child, Ferris.

Andrew died Jan 21, 1950 in Bexar Co. Tx.

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #6

Andrew number six is to be found in the 1870 Pulaski Co. Ky. census. He listed his age as forty-four, which would make his birth year 1826. His wife was Sarah. Sarah was forty-nine years old the year of the census. Andrew and Sarah had five children;

Luannah E., a girl age 18

Mary B. age 14

James T. age 14

Florinda, a girl age 11

Sandy, a girl age 9

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #7

Andrew number seven is found as a child in the 1850 Casey Co. Ky. census. He, according to the census was born in Kentucky and was 16 years old. Which would place his birth date in the year 1834. His parents were Jon and Susan Gadberry. Andrew=s siblings were;

James W. age 14, born in Ky.

George W. age 12, born in Ky.

Rachael, age 11, born in Ky.

John C. age 7, born in Ky.

Frances E.

and a sister three years old, also born in Ky.

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #8

Andrew number eight was born April 15, 1835. His parents were Jonathon Gadberry and Betsy Eller. He had two older sisters, Melvina born Aug 15, 1831 and Martha E. born April 20, 1933. Andrew would marry twice. His first wife was Polly Ann Tartar. They married Sept 23, 1854 in Pulaski Co. Ky. He and Polly would have four children;

James Wiley, born Nov 20, 1855

Mary Francis, born Dec 28, 1857

George W. born Jan 15, 1860

Marion W. born March 15, 1862

Evidently Andrew would lose Polly, possibly while giving birth to Marion. There really is no proof of this, but death during childbirth was, unfortunately quite common, and Andrew would marry Martha Ann Tartar, who it is believed was Polly=s sister. If Andrew and Polly had divorced it would seem unlikely that a sister would marry him. Martha and Andrew married Sept 10, 1863 in Pulaski Co. Ky and their first child would be born on July 5, 1864, their children were:

Theodocia, born July 5, 1864

Armelda, born Sept 15, 1866

Margaret E. born Sept 6, 1869

Avis T. born Nov 3, 1870

Jonathan, born Feb 10, 1873

Rudy E., born Apr 21, 1875

David, born March 19, 1877

Lee V., born March 30, 1879

Henry C., born Jan 10, 1881

Ameliz C., born Jan 5, 1883

Andrew died Oct 7, 1906.

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #9

Andrew number nine was a grandson of Andrew number four. His parents were Henry George Gadberry and Susan Mary Warren. Andrew was born Jan. 15, 1866 in Benton, Ark. He died Apr 19, 1957 in Los Angeles, California and in buried in the Evergreen Cem at Laverne, California. Andrew married Tempe Elizabeth Tramble about 1899 and they would have eight children. They were:

Henry George b. Feb 22, 1900

Lucille Pauline b. Aug 19, 1901

Florence b. Dec 16, 1905

Fred b. Jan 17, 1910

Nettie b. Jan 23, 1911

Susie

Hattie

Lenora

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #10

Andrew number ten can be found in the 1880 Casey Co. Ky. census. He is listed as a child of George and Elizabeth A. who were forty-five and forty-four years old respectively. Andrew=s age was listed as twelve years old which would make 1868 his birth year. Andrew was one of many children. They were:

Nancy E. Nancy was 18 at the time of the census and died of whooping cough.

Margaret S., age 15

James M. age 14

Harvey J., age 10

Nuting, a boy age 9

William H., age 7

George T., age 2

Josephus, age 1

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #11

Andrew number eleven was the child of Henry George Gadberry and Susan Mary Warren. He was born Jan 15, 1866 in Benton, Ar. Andrew had two sisters Mary and Martha and one brother George. Andrew married Tempe Elizabeth Trample and they would have eight children. Andrew died on April 19, 1957 and is buried in Evergreen Cemetary in Laverne, Ca. Andrew and Tempe's children were:

Henry b. Feb 22, 1900

Lucille Pauline b. Aug 19, 1901

Florence b. Dec 16, 1905

Fred b. Jan 17, 1910

Nettie b. Jan 23, 1911

Susie

Hattie

Lenora

Andrew Jackson Gadberry #12

Andrew number twelve was the child of James Wiley Gadberry and Amanda Cook, the Grandson of Andrew Jackson Gadberry and Polly Ann Tartar. Andrew was born in 1877 and died in 1940. At the present time we have no information about his family.

 

Those who chose to honor Andrew Jackson, and those who named children after those who were named after Andrew, would never realize in their life times the confusion that would be created for their descendants. For those with common names like John or William you expect a certain amount of confusion. A name like Andrew Jackson though, seems so uncommon that research should be simple. Over the years a lot of hair pulling has been caused trying to sort out exactly which Andrew is which.

 

The twelve men we have described, we are certain, represent at least twelve different Andrew=s. Are there more? Maybe. Have all Gadberry records been found? Until that question is answered, we will not know the answer to the first.

 

Andrew Jackson could never have been aware of the Andrew Jackson Gadberry legacy he would cause.

 

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Russell Gadberry is a very active Gadberry Family researcher and has contributed much to the documentation of the Gadberry Family name. He may be contacted at marketsp@neteze.com

 

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